One can easily get confused when it comes to expressing futurity in English, for there are so many rules to follow. To make things easier for English learners, we have created a new mind map, thus summarizing four basic ways to explain which tenses are used to express future events and concepts. (Note: we assume that the learner has already acquired the basic knowledge of English tenses, i.e. Present Simple, Present Continuous…) So, we are not focusing on the form now, but only on the use of English tenses or modals to express futurity.
Let’s look at the blue branch first (will). Many students learn this modality first when they are taught Future and presuppose that they can always use it when they wish to convey ideas concerning the future. But they are wrong. We can use will mostly in the following cases:
• When we promise to do something (The scout in the picture says: “On my honor, I promise that I will do my best”)
• When we make a resolution (e.g. I will work hard at school this year.)
• When we decide to do something at the time of speaking, when we make spontaneous decisions – the most important rule about the use of will! (e.g. I forgot to phone Jim. I will phone him now.)
• When we haven’t planned anything in advance (e.g. It’s getting cold. I’ll take a taxi.)
• When we volunteer to do something (e.g. This room looks so dirty. I’ll help you tidy it). Continue reading
Grammar mind map for If sentences
Do you think that if sentences are something very complicated to learn? Well, they certainly aren’t!
If you take a look at this mind map, you will learn if sentences very quickly! (1st type)
If you learned them easily, you would feel satisfied. (2nd type)
If you had seen the mind map before, you wouldn’t have had to worry about how to use them. (3rd type)
So, it seems rather easy, isn’t it? That’s why mind maps exist. Continue reading
MIND MAP: THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE
Hello everybody! I am the dinosaur from the past!
Grammar Mind Map for the Past Simple Tense
Once upon a time, millions of years ago, long before there were any people, I lived happily with my family. I ate grass and tree leaves, but there were some dinosaurs that ate other animals.
MIND MAP: COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES IN SHORT
So, what do you think? Which animal is faster, the rabbit or the turtle? Common sense says the rabbit, but one fable says differently… Nevertheless, let us focus on some adjective forms here… (if you have forgotten what adjectives are, here are some examples: tall, beautiful, clean, clever, etc.)
Click here for larger mind map photo.
And, of course, adjectives have a comparative and superlative form. (ex: fast –faster – the fastest)